some methods of making clothes
Many people are interested in learning how to make clothes, but don’t know where to start. Fortunately for the beginner, the vast majority of designs are created by one of three methods:
The first method worth mentioning is called drafting. It is the most technical and “scientific” of the methods as it is based on taking measurements of an individual’s body and using tables of values to draft an article of clothing. This is mostly used to make fine men’s clothes, as the styles change very slowly with time. Drafting is often shown in movies: men buying expensive suits have their inseam, etc. measured by their tailor.
Using the drafting method involves making two dozen or so measurements (circumference of the neck, distance from sternum to pelvis, etc.) and applying those measurements to a detailed blueprint of a pattern. Makes well fitting clothes, but modifying the pattern is very unintuitive (if not nearly impossible.
Fine designers of dresses employ a method called draping, where the fabric (muslin or the final fabric to be used) is draped over a dummy and then folded and pinned to create the look of the final dress. this method is very fluid and artistic, though is more costly in time and resources than others, and doesn’t lend itself as well to mass production. Draping is also common in movies, and the plaster or wire frame dummy draped in cloth and pins is a familiar icon of fashion design. Dresses that gather and ripple are designed using this method.
But the easiest method is the use of flat patterns. Although this method doesn’t appear in the movies, it is the most commonly employed by industry and individuals. Here, one begins with a flat pattern on paper. In order to make something flat conform to a curved surface, it must be folded or cut. These folds or cuts are called darts, and the flat pattern process is based on varying the size, position and shape of these darts.For someone beginning to learn how to make clothes, the flat pattern method is certainly the place to start.
Someone wanting to make clothes for themselves will find that the approach of making a couple basic patterns and then modifying them with flat pattern techniques has enough potential to make an entire wardrobe, all unique and comfortably fitting. Someone wanting to create a line of clothing will find the scalability and reproducibility of flat patterned clothes ideal. And for someone wanting to reach the height of red carpet wear, the freedom of the draping method is preferable, but the fundamentals of this method are most easily learned through the understanding of flat patterns.Happy adventures on the road to learning how to make clothes!